Last Updated on February 29, 2024 by Ezra Matiasi

Here is a list of tourist sites in Pretoria:

  1. Union Buildings
  2. Voortrekker Monument
  3. National Zoological Gardens
  4. Freedom Park
  5. Pretoria Botanical Gardens (Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden)
  6. Melrose House
  7. Kruger House Museum
  8. Church Square
  9. National Museum of Natural History (Ditsong National Museum of Natural History)
  10. Rietvlei Nature Reserve

Key Points On Tourist Sites In Pretoria

  • Historical Gems: Explore South Africa’s history at the Union Buildings, Voortrekker Monument, and Church Square.
  • Cultural Insight: Immerse yourself in diverse heritage at Melrose House, Kruger House Museum, and Freedom Park.
  • Natural Wonders: Discover outdoor beauty at Pretoria Botanical Gardens, Rietvlei Nature Reserve, and the National Zoological Gardens.
  • Educational Stops: Learn about sciences at the National Museum of Natural History and Conservation at Rietvlei’s Education Center.
  • Scenic Escapes: Enjoy city views at the Union Buildings, Voortrekker Monument, and Rietvlei Nature Reserve.

Union Buildings

  • Architectural Splendor: The Union Buildings are an architectural masterpiece atop Meintjieskop Hill, offering a commanding view of Pretoria. Designed by Sir Herbert Baker, these sandstone structures were completed in 1913 and are an exemplary representation of neoclassical design. The meticulously landscaped gardens that surround the buildings enhance their grandeur.
  • Symbol of Unity: Beyond its architectural significance, the Union Buildings hold immense political importance as the official seat of the South African government. The name “Union Buildings” reflects their historical role in the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910 when the country achieved self-governance.
  • Accessibility: While the interiors are primarily reserved for government activities, the terraced gardens are open to the public. Visitors can stroll through the lush lawns, adorned with sculptures and fountains, and enjoy a panoramic view of Pretoria. The Nelson Mandela statue, erected in 2014, adds a poignant touch to the surroundings.
  • National Events and Celebrations: The Union Buildings have witnessed significant events in South African history. Notably, they serve as the venue for presidential inaugurations and other national celebrations. The amphitheatre-like layout of the gardens accommodates large crowds during these events.
  • Historical Significance:

The Union Buildings played a role in the struggle against apartheid. The peaceful anti-apartheid protest led by 20,000 women, known as the Women’s March, took place here in 1956, leaving an indelible mark on the country’s history.

Voortrekker Monument

  • Commendation of Pioneer Spirit: The Voortrekker Monument, standing prominently on Monument Hill, pays homage to the pioneering spirit of the Voortrekkers—Dutch-speaking settlers who undertook the Great Trek in the 1830s, seeking freedom and independence from British colonial rule. The monument was inaugurated in 1949 to commemorate the centenary of the Great Trek.
  • Architectural Grandeur: Architect Gerard Moerdijk designed the monument, incorporating elements of Afrikaner architecture. The massive structure, constructed from light sandstone, is adorned with intricate bas-reliefs and sculptures that depict scenes from the Great Trek and Afrikaner history. The Hall of Heroes, with its central cenotaph, stands as a solemn tribute to those who lost their lives during this historic migration.
  • Panoramic Views: Visitors to the Voortrekker Monument are rewarded not only with historical insights but also with breathtaking panoramic views of Pretoria and its surroundings. The monument’s location on a hill offers an expansive vista, making it a picturesque spot for photography enthusiasts.
  • Heritage Center: The Voortrekker Monument’s Heritage Center provides additional context through exhibitions, artefacts, and interactive displays. It serves as an educational space, delving into the cultural and historical aspects of the Afrikaner community and their journey during the Great Trek.
  • Annual Commemorations: The monument hosts annual events, including the Day of the Covenant on December 16th, commemorating the Battle of Blood River, a significant event in Afrikaner history. The beautiful gardens surrounding the monument contribute to a serene atmosphere, providing a tranquil space for reflection.

National Zoological Gardens

  • Rich Biodiversity: The National Zoological Gardens, commonly known as the Pretoria Zoo, is one of the largest zoos in South Africa, spanning approximately 85 hectares. It is home to a diverse array of wildlife, housing over 3,000 individual animals representing various species, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • Conservation and Education: The zoo plays a crucial role in conservation efforts, with several breeding programs aimed at preserving endangered species. Visitors have the opportunity to learn about these conservation initiatives and gain insights into the importance of biodiversity and animal welfare through educational exhibits and talks.
  • Animal Encounters: The zoo offers a range of interactive experiences, allowing visitors to get up close and personal with some of the resident animals. These experiences may include feeding sessions, behind-the-scenes tours, and educational shows that showcase the intelligence and natural behaviours of different species.
  • Special Exhibits: Apart from the regular exhibits, the National Zoological Gardens features specialized areas such as the Aquarium, Reptile Park, and the impressive Amazon Exhibit, providing a glimpse into the diverse ecosystems found in different parts of the world.
  • Family-Friendly Activities: With playgrounds, picnic areas, and a designated children’s zoo, the Pretoria Zoo caters to families, making it an ideal destination for a day of exploration and entertainment. The zoo regularly hosts events and programs designed for children, fostering a love for wildlife and nature.

Related Post: Places To Visit In Pretoria

Freedom Park

  • Cultural and Historical Significance: Freedom Park is a unique cultural institution that pays tribute to South Africa’s diverse heritage and serves as a memorial to those who sacrificed for freedom and democracy. The park was officially opened in 2007 and encompasses both a museum and a memorial precinct.
  • Museum of the African Liberation Struggle: The museum within Freedom Park, known as the Museum of the African Liberation Struggle, chronicles the history of South Africa’s liberation struggle and the broader African continent. Exhibits include artefacts, multimedia displays, and historical documents that highlight the stories of resistance against colonialism and apartheid.
  • Wall of Names: One of the central features of Freedom Park is the Wall of Names, an awe-inspiring structure that honours those who lost their lives in the pursuit of freedom. The names of individuals who played a role in South Africa’s liberation struggle are inscribed on the wall, symbolizing the collective efforts of diverse communities.
  • Sanctuary and Contemplation: The park’s design incorporates serene gardens, reflecting pools, and contemplative spaces, creating an atmosphere conducive to reflection and meditation. Visitors can take a contemplative journey through the Garden of Remembrance, fostering a sense of peace and unity.
  • Reconciliation Hill: Situated within Freedom Park, Reconciliation Hill is a symbolic space representing the country’s journey from conflict to reconciliation. It features sculptures and installations that convey the themes of forgiveness and healing, emphasizing the importance of unity in post-apartheid South Africa.
  • Guided Tours and Educational Programs: Freedom Park offers guided tours, allowing visitors to gain a deeper understanding of the historical context and significance of the site. The park also hosts educational programs and events that promote dialogue and understanding among diverse communities.

Pretoria Botanical Gardens

  • Botanical Diversity: The Pretoria Botanical Gardens, also known as the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden, is a verdant oasis spanning 76 hectares. Named after the famous anti-apartheid activist Walter Sisulu, the gardens showcase a diverse collection of indigenous South African plants, including a variety of trees, flowers, and succulents.
  • Cycad Collection and Vanishing Swamp: One of the highlights of the botanical gardens is the impressive cycad collection, which features numerous species of these ancient plants. The Vanishing Swamp area within the gardens is a carefully preserved wetland ecosystem, providing a habitat for various bird species and aquatic life.
  • Man-Made Features: The gardens boast well-designed walking trails that lead visitors through themed gardens, including the Medicinal Garden and the Biodiversity Garden. Man-made features, such as bridges, water features, and sculptures, enhance the aesthetic appeal of the botanical space.
  • Bird Watching and Nature Trails: The gardens are a haven for bird watchers, with a variety of bird species frequenting the area. Visitors can explore nature trails, immersing themselves in the natural beauty of the surroundings while enjoying the tranquil ambience.
  • Events and Educational Programs: The Pretoria Botanical Gardens hosts a range of events, from outdoor concerts to educational workshops. These programs aim to connect the community with nature, promote environmental awareness, and provide a platform for botanical enthusiasts to share their knowledge.

Melrose House

  • Historical Elegance: Melrose House is a stately mansion that dates back to the late 19th century. Built in 1886 by British architect Sir Herbert Baker, the house is a splendid example of Victorian architecture, characterized by its ornate details, bay windows, and wrap-around verandas.
  • Role in History: The house gained historical significance during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). After British forces occupied Pretoria, Melrose House served as the residence for Lord Roberts, the British Commander-in-Chief. The Treaty of Vereeniging, which effectively ended the war, was signed in the elegant dining room of Melrose House on May 31, 1902.
  • Restoration and Preservation: In subsequent years, Melrose House underwent careful restoration to preserve its historical integrity. Today, visitors can step back in time as they explore the meticulously furnished rooms, each adorned with period-appropriate furniture, dĂ©cor, and artefacts.
  • Museum and Exhibits: Melrose House functions as a museum, offering visitors a glimpse into the lifestyle of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Exhibits showcase the cultural and historical context of the time, providing insights into the social customs, fashion, and domestic life of the era.
  • Gardens and Tearoom:

Surrounded by well-maintained gardens, Melrose House invites visitors to stroll through its outdoor spaces, which include manicured lawns and flower beds. The tearoom on the premises allows guests to enjoy refreshments in a charming setting, making it a pleasant stop during a tour of the house.

Kruger House Museum

  • Residence of President Paul Kruger: The Kruger House Museum is a historical residence that once belonged to Paul Kruger, the last president of the South African Republic before the British occupation. Built in 1884, the house served as President Kruger’s official residence during his tenure.
  • Architecture and Artifacts: The museum is a classic example of 19th-century South African architecture, featuring a combination of Victorian and thatched-roof styles. The interior is furnished with period-appropriate items, including furniture, clothing, and personal belongings of President Kruger and his family. Visitors can explore the various rooms, gaining insights into the lifestyle of this influential historical figure.
  • Historical Significance: Paul Kruger played a crucial role in the country’s history, particularly during the turbulent times leading up to and during the Second Anglo-Boer War. The museum provides a nuanced perspective on Kruger’s life, political career, and the broader historical context in which he lived.
  • Gardens and Surroundings: The museum is surrounded by well-maintained gardens, creating a tranquil atmosphere for visitors. The outdoor spaces are conducive to leisurely walks and provide an opportunity to appreciate the exterior architecture of the house.

Church Square

  • Historic Heart of Pretoria: Church Square, also known as Kerkplein, is the historic centre of Pretoria and a symbolic focal point of the city. Surrounded by important landmarks, this open square has played a central role in the development of Pretoria since its establishment as the capital of the South African Republic in the late 19th century.
  • Surrounding Landmarks: The square is surrounded by notable buildings, including the Old Capitol Theatre, the Palace of Justice, the General Post Office, and the Tudor Chambers. These structures showcase a blend of architectural styles, ranging from Victorian and Edwardian to neoclassical, contributing to the square’s unique character.
  • Statue of Paul Kruger: A prominent feature of Church Square is the statue of Paul Kruger, which stands at the centre of the square. The bronze statue pays homage to the influential political figure and is a popular landmark for both locals and tourists. The statue was unveiled in 1954 and adds a historical touch to the square.
  • Old Capitol Theatre: The Old Capitol Theatre, now known as the Ou Raadsaal, is an impressive building on the eastern side of the square. Built in the late 19th century, it served as the parliament building of the South African Republic. Today, it houses a museum and offers insights into the early political history of Pretoria.
  • Palace of Justice: On the northern side of Church Square stands the Palace of Justice, an imposing neoclassical building that dates back to 1897. This historic courthouse gained international attention during the Rivonia Trial in 1964, where Nelson Mandela and other anti-apartheid activists were tried.
  • Cultural and Political Hub: Throughout its history, Church Square has been a site of political gatherings, protests, and celebrations. It continues to be a vibrant hub, hosting events, markets, and cultural activities that bring the community together.

National Museum of Natural History

  • Rich Natural Heritage: The National Museum of Natural History, also known as the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, is a treasure trove of South Africa’s natural heritage. Established in 1892, the museum has evolved to become a leading institution in the field of natural sciences.
  • Exhibits and Collections: The museum boasts a diverse range of exhibits, showcasing the country’s geological, paleontological, and biological wealth. Visitors can explore displays featuring fossils, minerals, taxidermy specimens, and interactive exhibits that provide insights into the unique ecosystems and biodiversity of South Africa.
  • Ditsong Cultural History Museum: In addition to natural history exhibits, the museum also houses the Ditsong Cultural History Museum, which focuses on the cultural diversity and heritage of South Africa. Exhibits include artefacts, traditional crafts, and displays that highlight the cultural practices of different communities.
  • Ancient Life and Paleoanthropology: A notable highlight is the Paleoanthropology section, which features fossils of early hominids, including the iconic Mrs. Ples and Little Foot. These exhibits contribute to the understanding of human evolution and the rich archaeological history of the region.
  • Interactive Learning: The museum is committed to education and offers interactive learning experiences for visitors of all ages. Programs, workshops, and guided tours cater to school groups and families, fostering an appreciation for science and the natural world.
  • Ongoing Research: As a research institution, the museum is actively involved in ongoing scientific research. The discoveries made by the museum’s researchers contribute to global knowledge in fields such as palaeontology, entomology, and botany.

Rietvlei Nature Reserve

  • Natural Haven on the Outskirts: Situated just outside Pretoria, the Rietvlei Nature Reserve offers a pristine natural environment and serves as a haven for wildlife enthusiasts. Covering approximately 3,800 hectares, the reserve provides a scenic escape from the urban hustle, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the beauty of the South African landscape.
  • Self-Drive Safari Experience: One of the key attractions of Rietvlei Nature Reserve is the opportunity for a self-drive safari. Visitors can navigate the well-maintained roads within the reserve to encounter a variety of wildlife, including rhinos, giraffes, zebras, antelopes, and numerous bird species. The reserve’s diverse ecosystems, which include grasslands and wetlands, contribute to its rich biodiversity.
  • Bird Watching Paradise: For bird watchers, Rietvlei Nature Reserve is a paradise. The reserve is home to over 300 bird species, making it a prime destination for birding enthusiasts. Bird hides strategically located around the reserve provide ideal vantage points for observing the avian inhabitants.
  • Picnic Areas and Recreation: The reserve offers designated picnic areas where visitors can relax and enjoy the natural surroundings. It’s a popular spot for families, and the peaceful ambience makes it conducive to a day of outdoor recreation. Fishing is also permitted in certain areas of the reserve.
  • Educational Facilities: Rietvlei Nature Reserve is committed to environmental education and conservation. The Environmental Education Center within the reserve provides educational programs and activities for school groups, promoting awareness and appreciation for the natural world.


In conclusion, there are diverse tourist sites in Pretoria that reflect the city’s rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty. 

From iconic landmarks like the Union Buildings and Voortrekker Monument to the serene settings of botanical gardens and nature reserves, each site contributes to the vibrant tapestry of Pretoria’s attractions

Whether exploring historical residences like Melrose House and Kruger House or immersing oneself in the natural wonders of Rietvlei Nature Reserve, visitors can experience a multifaceted journey through the capital city of South Africa.

About the Author

Ezra Matiasi

Head Content Writer

Hello! My name is Ezra Matiasi, and I'm the enthusiastic mind behind Travello, a captivating travel blog that takes you on remarkable journeys around the world. With a passion for exploration and a love for sharing captivating stories, I curate the best travel experiences, hidden gems, and breathtaking landscapes. Through vivid descriptions and captivating photographs, Travello aims to inspire wanderlust and help fellow travelers make the most of their adventures. Join me as we embark on exciting virtual voyages and discover the wonders our beautiful planet has to offer. Let's explore the world together, one adventure at a time!

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