Last Updated on August 31, 2023 by Ezra Matiasi

Japan, an island nation in East Asia, is known for its rich culture, tradition, thousands of years of history and advanced technology.

One of the most frequently asked questions about Japan is “What’s Japan’s capital city?” The simple answer to this question is Tokyo is the capital city of Japan.

Let me take you on a journey, let us explore Tokyo’s history and culture, and find out what makes this city so unique and why it was made the capital city of Japan.

Tokyo is the capital of Japan and the most populous city. Located on the east coast of Honshu, it is the centre of the Tokyo metropolitan area, the world’s most populous metropolitan area.

With a population of over 13 million, Tokyo is one of the world’s largest and most populous cities.

Tokyo’s History

Tokyo has a rich history dating back to the 12th century. Originally a small fishing village called Edo, this city was chosen as the capital of Japan by the Meiji government in 1868.

The Meiji government, which came to power after the fall of the Shogunate, wanted to modernise Japan and make it a world power.

The city was renamed Tokyo, meaning “eastern capital,” to reflect its new status as the country’s capital.

During the Meiji period, Tokyo experienced rapid modernization and Westernisation. The city was rebuilt with wide streets, Western-style buildings, and new transportation networks. 

A massive earthquake struck Tokyo in 1923, causing widespread destruction.

Nevertheless, the city was reconstructed and continued its growth trajectory, ultimately emerging as one of the world’s most important cities.

Modern day Tokyo

Today, Tokyo is a sprawling metropolis of over 2,000 square kilometres. The city is divided into 23 different districts, each with its own character and charm.

Tokyo’s population is over 13 million, making it one of the most populous cities in the world. The city is also a major economic centre with a GDP of over $1 trillion and is home to many of the world’s largest and most successful companies.

Geographically, Tokyo is on the east coast of Honshu, Japan. Mountains surround the city, while Tokyo Bay faces it. The city boasts a well-developed infrastructure and offers public transportation options such as trains, buses, and subways

Some of the city’s most famous or iconic landmarks and areas include Tokyo Tower, a 333-meter communications and observation tower.

Tokyo Skytree, a 634-meter-high transmission and observation tower. The Imperial Palace was the main residence of the Emperor of Japan.

Why Tokyo is the Capital of Japan

Tokyo is in the centre of the country, which makes it easy to travel from the rest of Japan.

In addition, the city’s coastal location makes it very well-positioned to facilitate trade and commerce with other countries.

Another reason Tokyo is the capital of Japan is its rich history.

The city has been a centre of politics and government for centuries and is home to many important government buildings such as the Imperial Palace and the National Diet Building.

Above all, Tokyo is the capital of Japan due to its size and population. With a population of over 13 million, it is the largest city in Japan.

It is also the world’s most populous city and a centre of business, culture and technology.

Lifestyle in Tokyo

Tokyo is a melting pot of cultures, with a diverse population, including many expats from all over Japan. 

The city’s unique culture and lifestyle mix traditional customs with modern influences and are well-known.

Notable customs and traditions include the tea ceremony, flower arrangement, and martial arts.

From traditional Japanese cuisine such as sushi and ramen to international cuisine, Tokyo’s food and restaurant scene is diverse and delicious. 

Popular local dishes include yakitori (chicken skewers), takoyaki (squid balls), and tempura (fried seafood and vegetables). 

Tokyo hosts many cultural events and festivals throughout the year, including the Cherry Blossom Festival in spring, the Sumida River Fireworks Festival in summer, and the Tokyo International Film Festival in autumn.


Whether you’re into history, culture, or modern conveniences, you’ll find it all in this vibrant, dynamic metropolis.

From time-honoured shrines and temples to cutting-edge technology and fashion, Tokyo is a city that never ceases to amaze and delight. 

Don’t take my word for it, if you’re planning a trip to Japan, be sure to include Tokyo in your itinerary and discover the charms of this glamorous capital city for yourself.

About the Author

Ezra Matiasi

Head Content Writer

Hello! My name is Ezra Matiasi, and I'm the enthusiastic mind behind Travello, a captivating travel blog that takes you on remarkable journeys around the world. With a passion for exploration and a love for sharing captivating stories, I curate the best travel experiences, hidden gems, and breathtaking landscapes. Through vivid descriptions and captivating photographs, Travello aims to inspire wanderlust and help fellow travelers make the most of their adventures. Join me as we embark on exciting virtual voyages and discover the wonders our beautiful planet has to offer. Let's explore the world together, one adventure at a time!

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